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Reasearch and Expeditions

Research and Expeditions (1850-)  Read more >>

Hunting and trapping

Svalbard has been a place for hunting and trapping for more than 400 years.  Read more >>

History

In 1194, the ”Svalbarði fundinn” was noted in Icelandic texts, in which Svalbard was referred to as the ”land of cold coasts”.  Read more >>

Mining

At the onset of the twentieth century, Svalbard was still a no-man's-land, and the first years were chaotic.  Read more >>

Climate and clothing

Despite Svalbard being so close to the North Pole, the archipelago has a relatively mild climate compared to areas at the same latitude.  Read more >>

Polar bear

Polar bears are impressive creatures. They are the world’s largest land carnivores and for many people they have become a symbol of the arctic wilderness.  Read more >>

Geology

Svalbard presents an exceptional geological diversity within a relatively small area. The archipelago is one of the few places in the world where sections representing most of  Read more >>

Glaciers

Over half of Svalbard is covered by glaciers – there are more than 2100 small and large glaciers here and nearly 60 % of the land area is covered by ice. The largest...  Read more >>

The North Pole

Longyearbyen is situated app. 1200 km from the geographic north pole.  Read more >>

Arctic flora and fauna

About 60% of Svalbard’s land mass is covered with a huge number of small and large glaciers. Only 6-7% of the land area is covered by any type of vegetation. The most...  Read more >>